Tips From Dogs
Never pass up the opportunity to go for
Allow the experience of fresh air and
the wind in your face to be pure ecstasy.
When loved ones come home, always run
to greet them.
Let others know when they've invaded your
When it's in your best interest, practice
Take naps. Stretch before rising.
Run, romp and play daily.
Eat with gusto and enthusiasm.
Never pretend to be something you're not.
If what you want lies buried, dig until
you find it.
When someone you know is having a bad
day, be silent, sit close by and nuzzle them gently.
Avoid biting when a simple growl will
On hot days, drink lots of water and rest
under a shade tree.
When you're happy, dance around and wave
your entire body.
No matter how often you have been scolded,
don't buy into the guilt thing and pout. Instead run right back and make friends.
in the simple joy of a long walk.
Caring for Your Dog:
The Top Ten Essentials
1. Outfit your dog with a collar and ID tag that includes your name, address, and telephone number.
No matter how careful you are, there's a chance your companion may become lost—an ID tag greatly increases the chance
that your pet will be returned home safely.
2. Follow local laws for licensing your dog and vaccinating him for rabies. Check with
your local shelter or humane society for information regarding legal requirements, where to obtain tags, and where to have
your pet vaccinated.
3. Follow this simple rule—off property, on leash. Even a dog
with a valid license, rabies tag, and ID tag should not be allowed to roam outside of your home or fenced yard. It is best
for you, your community, and your dog to keep your pet under control at all times.
4. Give your dog proper shelter. A fenced yard with a doghouse is a bonus, especially
for large and active dogs; however, dogs should never be left outside alone or for extended periods of time. Dogs need and
crave companionship and should spend most of their time inside with their family.
5. Take your dog to the veterinarian for regular check-ups. If you do not have a veterinarian, contact
the Humane Society or a pet-owning friend for a referral.
6. Spay or neuter your dog. Dogs who have this routine surgery tend to live longer, be
healthier, and have fewer behavior problems (e.g., biting, running away). By spaying or neutering your dog, you are also doing
your part to reduce the problem of pet overpopulation.
7. Give your pooch a nutritionally balanced diet, including constant access to fresh water.
Ask your veterinarian for advice on what and how often to feed your pet.
8. Enroll your dog in a training class. Positive training will allow you to control your
companion's behavior safely and humanely, and the experience offers a terrific opportunity to enhance the bond you share with
9. Give your dog enough exercise to keep him physically fit (but not exhausted). Most
dog owners find that playing with their canine companion, along with walking him twice a day, provides sufficient exercise.
If you have questions about the level of exercise appropriate for your dog, consult your veterinarian.
10. Be loyal to and patient with your faithful companion. Make sure the expectations
you have of your dog are reasonable and remember that the vast majority of behavior problems can be solved. If you are struggling
with your pet's behavior, contact your veterinarian or search the internet for information on your particular issue.
Reprinted by permission of The Humane Society of the United States
RAISING ORPHAN PUPPIES
Raising orphan puppies can be a very rewarding job but is also extremely
time consuming. Without a canine Mom, the foster parents are responsible for providing for all the pups’ needs: feeding,
warmth, cleaning, socialization and stimulation to eliminate. For puppies less than a month old all this requires at least
a half an hour every 2 to 3 hours round the clock.
Puppies less than a month old should be set up in a small area (crate or
large box with bedding) that can be kept consistently warm (80-98 degrees). The puppies will curl up together to keep warm
but still need warm blankets and hot water bottles since they can’t regulate their body temperature on their own at
this age. If you are fostering a single pup, a heating pad set on LOW, may be used but it's important to make certain to leave
half the area free of heat so the pup can move away if it gets to warm. It's important to warm the puppies before you feed
As the puppies grow and become more mobile, their living quarters should
be expanded slowly. The area should be warm, draft free, and easily cleaned. A small bathroom or laundry room often works
well. "Baby proof" any area the puppies are in. Look for hazards such
as exposed cords, open toilet bowls, small spaces where puppies could get stuck, or toxic items they could chew on. Puppies
less than 8 weeks old should only go outside during warm weather for short periods with adult supervision. Do not allow other
dogs to be around the puppies without constant adult supervision. Adult dogs may view newborn puppies as prey and may attack
or even kill the puppies without warning.
Puppy milk replacer should be mixed and fed according to the package instructions
for newborns. At first, puppies need to be fed every 2 - 3 hours round the clock. By the time the puppies are 3 to 4
weeks of age, they can be fed every 4 to 5 hours during the day and go 6 to 8 hours at night without eating. Do not hold puppies
on their backs for feedings, as this can predispose them to aspirating the formula into their lungs. If the puppies are not
sucking well on their own, they may need to be tube fed. Contact a vet clinic for lessons on how to tube feed if this seems
necessary. After each feeding, stimulate urination and defecation by gently rubbing the ano-genital region with a wad of toilet
tissue. Use a clean warm washcloth to gently wash the puppies’ faces after feeding.
Use a flea comb to check the puppies for flea infestation as soon as they arrive. Fleas can kill your
puppies! Contact a vet for information on what type of flea sprays are safe for use on the age of puppies you are fostering.
By 3 weeks of age the puppies can slowly begin being weaned. Start by offering
formula in a low dish for the puppies to lick at just before bottle feeding so that they will be hungry and more likely to
try eating on their own. Gradually start adding canned puppy food to the formula. Continue bottle feeding until all the puppies
are consistently eating well from the dish. By 4 to 5 weeks the puppies should be ready to start eating some dry kibble that
has been soaked in formula or water and mixed with canned food. Offer food at least four times a day. At this point bottle
feeding is usually not necessary. Continue offering soaked dry kibble until 7 or 8 weeks of age but gradually use less and
less liquid to start preparing them to eat plain dry puppy kibble. Puppies who are learning to eat solid food are very messy
eaters. Be prepared to wash off the puppies with a warm wet washcloth after each feeding.
Over 80% of puppies are infected with round worms at birth (they are infected
in utero by encysted larva present in the mother’s tissues.) All puppies should be dewormed every 10 to 14 days starting
at 2 weeks of age. The first vaccines are usually given at 6 weeks of age and then repeated again at 8, 12, and 16 weeks of
age. Generally, puppies are ready to be separated from their littermates and go to new homes at about 8 weeks of age.
Orphan puppies need lots of socialization with both humans and other animals
in order to develop into good family pets. Gentle holding, petting, and talking to the pups should be done daily. Exposure
to a variety of people and noises is desirable.
Unfortunately, the mortality rate among orphan puppies is often high. While
formula can provide all the necessary nutrients for growth, it does not provide the same protective antibodies that are present
in the mother’s milk. This means that bottle fed puppies are much more susceptible to infectious disease. An apparently
healthy puppy can be come ill and die in less than 24 hours. Newborn puppies should be monitored very closely for any signs
of diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, eye or skin infections, coughing, or trouble breathing. Call the vet immediately if
you observe any of these signs. Healthy puppies should be gaining weight daily. If possible, weigh the pups daily on a small
kitchen or postal scale (a drop of nail polish on the top of the pup’s head can help you distinguish between identical
looking pups.) Any puppy that loses weight should be observed very carefully for signs of disease and offered extra feedings.
Do not hesitate to contact a vet if you have any questions or concerns about your puppies.
Bloat - The Mother of All Emergencies
Wendy C. Brooks, DVM, DipABVP
There are many injuries and physical disorders that represent life-threatening emergencies.
There is only one condition so drastic that it over shadows them all in terms of rapidity of consequences and effort in emergency
treatment. This is, gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), the "bloat."
What Is it and Why Is it so Serious?
normal stomach sits high in the abdomen and contains a small amount of gas, some mucus, and any food being digested. It undergoes
a normal rhythm of contraction, receiving food from the esophagus above, grinding the food, and meting the ground food out
to the small intestine at its other end. Normally this proceeds uneventfully except for the occasional burp.
bloated stomach, gas and/or food stretches the stomach many times its normal size, causing tremendous abdominal pain. For
reasons we do not fully understand, this grossly distended stomach has a tendency to rotate, thus twisting off not only its
own blood supply but the only exit routes for the gas inside. Not only is this condition extremely painful but it is also
rapidly life threatening. A dog with a bloated, twisted stomach (more scientifically called "Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus")
will die in pain in a matter of hours unless drastic steps are taken.
What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Bloat?
Classically, this condition affects dog breeds which are said to be "deep chested," meaning the length of their chest
from backbone to sternum is relatively long while the chest width from right to left is narrow. Examples of deep chested breeds
would be the Great Dane, Greyhound, and the setter breeds. Still, any dog can bloat, even dachshunds and Chihuahuas.
weighing more than 99 pounds have an approximate 20% risk of bloat
Classically also, the dog had eaten a large meal
and exercised heavily shortly thereafter. Still, we usually do not know why a given dog bloats on an individual basis. No
specific diet or dietary ingredient has been proven to be associated with bloat. Some factors found to increase and decrease
the risk of bloat are listed below:
Factors Increasing the Risk of Bloating
* Feeding only one meal a day
* Having closely related family members with a history of bloat
* Eating rapidly
* Being thin or underweight
Fearful or anxious temperament
* History of aggression towards people or other dogs
* Male dogs are more likely to
bloat than females
* Older dogs (7 - 12 years) were the highest risk group
* Moistening dry food particularly if citric
acid is listed as a preservative.
Factors Decreasing the Risk of Bloat
* Inclusion of canned dog food in the
* Inclusion of table scraps in the diet
* Happy or easy-going temperament
* Eating 2 or more meals per day
* Feeding a a dry food containing a calcium-rich meat meal (such as meat/lamb meal, fish meal, chicken by-product meal,
meat meal, or bone meal) listed in the first four ingredients of the ingredient list.
This article was taken from
The Pet Health Library
Exercising With Your Dog
Many people enjoy running or hiking with their dogs. Before
doing so it is as important to train your dog to run or hike long distances as it is to train yourself.
slowly, putting the dog on a training schedule
similar to your own. Begin a training regime by running or walking your
dog around your neighborhood increasing the distance as you and your dog become conditioned. Once properly conditioned, trips
on running or hiking trails can be attempted.
Nutrition is another consideration in training your dog. A complete
and balanced diet will allow your dog to keep its energy up during a hike or run. Do not run on a full stomach. Feed after
the run and make sure your dog is
rested and cooled down. This will help avoid an upset stomach during the exercise.
biggest threat for your dog while running or hiking in the summer is the heat and humidity. Early morning is the best time
to run or hike with your dog. If the evenings cool off, then that can be a good time as well. Dogs can quickly overheat, especially
if they have a dark or heavy coat. If overheating occurs, hose down your pet with cool water and offer it cold water
It is important not to force feed your dog water, it will drink when ready.
The most common type of injury
suffered by dogs that are running or hiking with their owners are footpad injuries. Do not run with your dogs on
hot pavement as this can easily lead to burns. Those hiking in the woods can get cuts and scrapes. While these are difficult
to avoid, leather boots are available for those dogs that
will be exercising on extremely rough ground or ice and snow.
If your pet gets a cut or scrape, proper first aid care should be administered immediately. Finally, those dogs that run in
grass can catch a nail on grass leading to any number of soft tissue or joint injuries. Keeping the nails trimmed is a good
way to prevent this last type of injury.
Keep your pets on a leash and keep them under control at all times, especially in
the woods. Do not allow your dog to chase the wildlife. Good obedience training builds a solid foundation for the control
necessary to run or hike with your dog.
When should you start exercising with your dog? A dog can start running at any age.
However, be cautious when exercising with a puppy as over exertion can lead to stress related injuries.
While the larger breeds will have an easier time keeping up, some of the smaller herding breeds do very well running or hiking.
When should a dog discontinue running or hiking with its owner? If the dog is showing no signs of lameness and is
willing to run, there is no reason to quit. However,
lameness can be something as simple as muscle soreness which is gone
in one to two days or as complex as arthritis which will continue to worsen as the dog ages. It is important to visit your
local veterinarian to determine the cause of the lameness and your dog's ability to continue exercising.
sense when hiking or running with your dog will make it an activity that can be enjoyed safely for a long time. For further
information contact your local veterinarian.
Finding a Lost Pet
When your beloved dog or cat strays from home, it can be a traumatic experience
for both of you. Here are some tips that we hope will help you find your pet.
Contact local animal shelters and animal control agencies.
File a lost pet report with every shelter within a 50-mile radius of your home and visit the nearest shelters daily, if possible.
If there is no shelter in your community, contact the local police department. Provide these agencies with an accurate description
and a recent photograph of your pet. Notify the police if you believe your pet was stolen.
Search the neighborhood. Walk or drive through your neighborhood
several times each day. Ask neighbors, letter carriers, and delivery people if they have seen your pet. Hand out a recent
photograph of your pet and information on how you can be reached if your pet is found.
Advertise. Post notices at grocery stores, community centers,
veterinary offices, traffic intersections and other locations. Also, place advertisements in newspapers and with radio stations.
Include your pet's sex, age, weight, breed, color, and any special markings. When describing your pet, leave out one identifying
characteristic and ask the person who finds your pet to describe it.
Be wary of pet-recovery scams. When talking to a stranger
who claims to have found your pet, ask him to describe the pet thoroughly before you offer any information. If he does not
include the identifying characteristic you left out of the advertisements, he may not really have your pet. Be particularly
wary of people who insist that you give or wire them money for the return of your pet.
Don't give up your search. Animals who have been lost for
months have been reunited with their owners.
A pet—even an indoor pet—has a better chance of being returned
if she always wears a collar and an ID tag with your name, address, and telephone number. Ask your local animal shelter or
veterinarian if permanent methods of identification (such as microchips) are available in your area.